August 2009 Archives

Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
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C major on the D, A, and low thick E string group.

3rd fret low E, 3rd fret A string, 2nd fret D string

8th fret low E string, 7th fret A string, 5th fret D string

12th fret low E string, 10th fret A string, 10th fret D string

15th fret low E string, 15th fret A string, 14th fret D string,
this is one octave (12 frets or half steps distance) above first example.



Now as it is written on musical staff:

CS 4.png

This completes the four string groups for the C major chord. 
Once you memorized all the positions and note names for each C major chord 
across neck, then do this same process for the other most common chords: 
C minor, C diminished and C augmented.
 
Reference2009.08.15: Music Chord Theory Part I and 2009.08.17: Music Chord Theory Part II

Then transpose to these keys: D, E ,F ,G ,A ,B.





Now move to all possible positions (registers) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys. 

 


All materials for personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Copyright © 2011

Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


C major on the G, D, A string group.

3rd finger 3rd fret A string, 2nd fret D string, open G string

7th fret A string, 5th fret D string, 5th fret G string

10th fret A string, 10th fret D string, 9th fret G string

15th fret A string, 14th fret D string, 12th fret G string,
this is one octave (12 frets or half steps distance) above first example .


Now as it is written on musical staff:

CS 3.png



Now move to all possible positions (registers) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys. 

 




All materials for personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Copyright © 2011



Now let's continue with the C major chord for the B, G, D string group.

2nd fret D string, open G string, 1st fret B string

5th fret D string - use third finger to bar (cover) all 3 strings

10th fret D string, 9th fret G string, 8th fret B string

14 fret D string, 12th fret G string, 13th fret B string,
this is one octave (12 frets or half steps distance) above first example.


Now as it is written on musical staff:


CS 2.png






Now move to all possible positions (registers) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys. 






All materials for personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Copyright © 2011



String Groups For Guitar Part I

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


There are four main string groups for guitar. By grouping three strings at a time 
we get the following four string groups: E,B,G - B,G,D - G,D,A - D,A,E. 
When you view the guitar neck into sections it makes it easier to understand.
Also you will see how other chord types are created from altering the basic major triad.

Starting with a (triad) 3 note C major chord at the first fret of the guitar 
on the E-B-G stings lets start and progress up to the neck. 
When played consecutively up and back in tone its called chord streams.

1) Open G string, C note first fret B string and open thin E string 

2) 5th fret G string, 5th fret B string and 3rd fret thin E string

3) 9th fret G string, 8th fret B string, 8th fret thin E string

4) 12th fret thin G string, 13th fret B string and 12th fret thin E string, 
this is one octave (12 frets or half steps distance) above first example.


Now as it is written on musical staff:


CS 1.png


If you have followed this correctly you will have four three note chords 
starting at the 1st fret and ending at the to 13th fret. Also these are called inversions.
Going low to high in tone they are: second inversion, root position, first inversion and 
second inversion one octave higher in tone. 

Practice playing these up and back the neck. 
Later memorize the note names for each inversion of the C major chord.
Remember this techniques applies to all polyphonic instruments.


Now move to all possible positions (registers) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 




All materials for personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Copyright © 2011

Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

One of the most important techniques for guitar (most instruments) is to be aware of not lifting your fingers away from the instrument. 

I tell my students slide like a snake don't hop like a bunny rabbit. When you first start to do this you will run into resistance with the fingers especially the fourth finger or pinky finger.
It is on a separate muscle group so it tends to fly away uncontrollably. Just be patient and within time it will lesson this effect. Also try to find common tones in chords so one of your fingers acts as an anchor finger. That is staying on the same note while the notes around it change. Here are some examples: 

C major = C, E, G changing to F major = F, A, C notice the C is in both chords.
G major = G, B, D changing to D major = D, F#, A notice the D is in both chords.
E minor = E, G, B changing to A major = A, C#, E notice the E is in both chords.

I will continue will more examples later!

Till then,

Vince Lauria


Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music






Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

Today lets look at one of the most common ways to solo over or with chords. Referencing our last lesson - use the C major pentatonic scale with the C major family of chords.
Using the chords from "Let It Be" try playing this scale using quarter notes. 
A quarter notes is the length of one click or beat.
 
Always start at a slow tempo like 50 BPM (Fifty beats per minute). 
Here are the notes for C major pentatonic = C, D, E, G, A, 
then all notes repeat in octaves. (A octave is an interval bounded by two pitches with the same pitch names and the higher of whose frequencies is twice the lower).

The number formula is = R, 2, 3, 5, 6 with the notes in the key of C major:
R =C, 2=D, 3=E, 5=G, 6=A

Her are all the notes in C major with their corresponding number relationships.

C = R
D = 2
E = 3
F = 4
G = 5
A = 6
B = 7
C = 8 or octave or R

Remember to learn this scale in all possible octaves and or positions.  



Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music




Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


Today lets look at how the family of chords is put to work in a hit song.
The song is called "Let It Be" by the Beatles. If you do not know this song go to:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YBPFvp750sc

Intro:   I, V, vi, IV, I, V, IV, I
Verse: I, V, vi, IV, I, V, IV, I repeat verse
Chorus: vi, V, IV, I, I, V, IV, I
2nd Verse:  I, V, vi, IV, I, V, IV, I repeat verse
Chorus: vi, V, IV, I, I, V, IV, I repeat chorus
Segway riff:  F,E,D,C,Bb,A,G,F,C repeat segway with organ
Solo over verse: I, V, vi, IV, I, V, IV, I repeat verse
Chorus: vi, V, IV, I, I, V, IV, I 
3rd Verse: I, V, vi, IV, I, V, IV, I repeat verse
Chorus: vi, V, IV, I, I, V, IV, I 
Outro is same as segway riff: F,E,D,C,Bb,A,G,F,C    
End on C major chord


I    =   C major
ii   =   D minor
iii  =   E minor
IV  =   F major
V   =   G major
vi  =    A minor
viio =  B diminished



Chords written on musical staff left to right: Cmaj, Dm, Em, Fmaj, Gmaj, Am, Bdim


C major three note family of chords.png



Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Music Chord Theory Part IV

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


More common chords:

C major 9 or Cmaj9     = R, 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th = C - E - G - B- D

C minor 9th or Cm9    = R, b3rd, 5th, b7th, 9th = C - Eb - G - Bb - D

C dominant 9th or C9 = R, 3rd, 5th, b7th, 9th = C - E - G - Bb - D

C dominant 9th augmented or C9+ = R, 3rd, #5th, b7th, 9th = C - E - G# - Bb - D


Now written on musical staff left to right - Cmaj9, Cm9, C9, and C9+:

MCT 4.png






Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Music Chord Theory Part III

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

More common chords. First I will give you the chord name, shorthand, number formula and then the note names. 
Remember to memorize all four.

C minor 7th flat 5th also written Cm7b5 = R, b3rd, b5th, b7th = C - Eb - Gb - Bb
Also called half diminished this is because it is one note away from 
being a diminished seventh chord).

C diminished 7th also written Co7th = R, b3rd, b5th, bb7th = C - Eb - Gb- bbB or A note.
bb7 also called a 6th.

C major 7th augmented fifth or Cmaj7+ = R, 3rd, #5th, 7 = C - E- G# - B

C major 6th or C6 = R, 3rd, 5th, 6th = C - E - G - A

Now written on musical staff left to right - Cm7b5, Co7, Cmaj7+, and C6:

MCT III.png

More chords coming also how to start to apply chords!






Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music


Music Chord Theory Part II

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

Here are more common chords that are essential - memorize and then learn in all keys. 
Learn one key well then later transpose to all other keys one or two at a time. 
# = sharp one half step or one fret higher in tone (towards the body of the guitar or bass).
Also b = flat - one half step or one fret lower in tone (towards head of guitar or bass).

First I will give you the chord name, shorthand, number formula and then the note names. 
Remember to memorize all four.

C augmented also called just C+ = R, 3rd, #5 = C - E - G#                                                                                                                                                                                                    
C dominant 7 also called just C7 = R, 3rd, 5th, b7th = C - E - G - Bb

C major 7th also called just Cmaj = R, 3rd, 5th, 7th = C - E - G - B

C minor 7th also called Cm7 = R, b3rd, 5th, b7th = C - Eb - G - Bb

Now written on musical staff left to right - C+, C7, Cmaj7, and Cm7:


MCT 2.png








Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music






Music Chord Theory Part I

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

I am often asked how many chords there are? Roughly about fifty that are used often.
The main or "Garden Variety" chords there are about thirty.
Lets look at the three most common chords. 

This example will be in the key of C. Once learned you should transpose to all other keys. (More on this later)               R = root or key note. In this example the root note is C.

C major = R,  3rd,  5th    =   C - E - G

C minor = R, b3rd, 5th    =   C - Eb - G            
b = flat one half step lower in tone (on guitar this is one fret distance towards the head of the guitar).

C diminished R, b3rd, b5th = C - Eb - Gb

Now written on musical staff left to right - C major, C minor and C diminished:

C maj min dim.png



Remember to memorize the names and the number formulas for each chord 
so later you can easily transpose to all other keys.



More chords later!

ATB,

Vince Lauria



Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music



Music Tip - The first 3 months

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Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


Recently a student was telling me the woes of beginning guitar instruction.

I responded as follows:

 

Bear in mind that the first 3 to 6 months is the hardest time in music instruction.

Between our hands, necks, fingers and mind adjusting to a whole new uncomfortable procedure it is a tough frustrating period.

Every one goes though it and it is the boot camp entrance to a wonderful new life of creativity and fun. Remember if you just hang in there you will succeed. Success is 90% perspiration & 10% inspiration!  also remember to keep in mind all the wonderful songs you will be playing. 

Music you can do your entire life! So don't give up every time I have gone though a difficult time in music learning its always paid me back ten times at the end. When you look at how many things in life do the same I think you will agree it is worth a little time and effort.



Welcome aboard,

 

Vince Lauria




Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476


Many times students of all ages and experience lack proper practice habits,

they never achieve there goals because of this fact

I would like to mention some of the most important points.

The following applies to all instruments.

 

When a student first starts learning an instrument it can take from 2 to 3 months to develop a practice discipline. What that means is parents will many times say "my child doesn't practice enough" or "I don't want to pay for lessons if they are not going to practice every day".

The point here is that until a student develops a practice habit - 

 

THEY WILL NOT NATURALLY PRACTICE EVERY DAY!!!!

 

Until it is developed with weekly lessons, positive encouragement and time! 

I capitalize this because so many students believe that this should be a nature habit that every one has. Parents many times stop themselves or their child from lessons without allowing them the time to grow into a good music student!

 

This takes great patience, personal discipline and commitment to allow for this habit to develop and then become part of the student's daily life routine!

 

Just the same way you learn to read, write, play sports, eat a proper diet and exercise.

Most people forget how much time and reinforcement was given to them in the early stages of reading, writing and so forth. After you have a good habit generally your forget how much time ad effort went in to acquiring it!

 

So before you give up on your child or your self - remember the six month rule. 

Most things in life like sports, proper diet, working out - takes about six months to start becoming a habit. Make a realistic goal for the student to practice undisturbed for a minimum of twenty minutes two to four times a week - that is a great start. Then within a couple of months expand practice time to 30 minutes a session.  

 

After 3 to 6 months work towards focus practicing of 30 to 60 minutes five days a week.

I find with younger students it is better to practice in 15 minute intervals.

Remember it is more important to practice with your hands and body in the proper position then to do more time sloppy and rushed. Our brains act as a recorder so when we go extremely slowly and accurately we produce the desired results. Rushing thought any exercise does very little to create great technique. That why it is necessary to have an instructor that is aware of proper practice techniques and makes sure continually that the students develops them!

 

 

Thanks for reading!

And don't forget to apply these principles.

 




All materials for personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music

Copyright © 2011

Buy "Grab It" by Vince Lauria the key to soloing and song writing:
http://www.amazon.com/GRAB-IT-Vince-Lauria/dp/1478714476

One of the biggest challenges of playing any instrument is the ability to play in time.
This is usually the weakest of all musical requirements.

I recommend to first get comfortable with whatever piece or exercise you are working on.
Second start SLOWLY with a metronome. A metronome is a time keeping device that makes a clicking sound. You can set the BPM or beats per minute from 40 BPM to 300 BPM depending on your metronome. Start at 50 or 60 BPM and concentrate on staying right with the click or beat.
The advantages of playing with the beat is your playing sounds professional and when you play ensemble style (with other musicians) you are all on the same page so to speak. I can't emphasize this enough most players I teach ignore their timing and it is the foundation of all music.

Till next time,

Vince Lauria



Now transpose these to each position (register) of your instrument, then to all 15 keys.

 

All materials copyright 2010. For personal use only.

Vince Lauria Sun and Earth Music


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